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Open Archaeology Software Suite
Open Archaeology is first a concept or philosophy, with the 3 primary strands of open data, open standards and open source. More information can be found at the Open Archaeology homepage (http://openarchaeology.net). The philosophy has been around for some time; the software project started during 2006 by Oxford Archaeology (http://thehumanjourney.net), and was moved to Launchpad in 2007.
The initial code contributions came from Oxford Archaeology as part of that organisation's commitment to the Open Archaeology philosophy; there are many more people and organisations interested in participating.