The work shows the results of a study of the underwater archaeological evidence coming from the area of Oristano, dating to Phoenician, Punic and Roman phases (VIII cent. BC – V sec AD). A first important result of the analysis is the identification of the presence of a well-established Archaic trade dating back to the late seventh and early sixth century BC, carried out by Phoenician ships. Etruscan and Ionic imports are the best indicators of this trade.
The most ancient shipwrecks in the area belong to the Punic period, which followed the Carthaginian conquest of Sardinia - VI-V centuries BC. These ships carried several containers which can be dated with a high degree of precision, thanks to their diffusion and high level of standardisation. The Roman conquest, after the end of the First Punic War in 238/7 BC, changed the balance of maritime trade, moving the focus on the Tyrrhenian routes. The main indicator of this process is the presence of containers containing the products of Lazio and Campania, such as the Dressel 1 and 2-4 types.
The liveliness of maritime commerce continues to be proven, during the Giulio-Claudia to the Severiana phases, by the presence of amphorae from Narborense, Tarraconense and Baetica, containing wine, olive oil and fish sauce. During the IV and V centuries AD no inflection in trades can be noticed, yet a special relationship with Africa is clear.
The last part of the dissertation is a catalogue of anchors and other similar artifacts found in the area.
AUTHOR: Anna Ardu
REFEREE: Piero Bartoloni
UNIVERSITY: Università degli Studi di Sassari. Department of Scienze Umanistiche e dell'Antichità.
DATE OF GRADUATION: 2012